Moisturizing is one of the primary “must-dos” of a good skincare routine. Besides keeping your skin from drying out, moisturizing prevents irritation and creates a barrier between your skin and the elements. If you aren’t sure how to choose a moisturizer or whether the one you currently use is the right one, we have some general guidelines to help.
A Quick Note About Skin Types
Ideally, it’s best to choose a moisturizer made for your type of skin. This is why there are so many kinds of lotions and creams. Some options are better for specific skin types, and others also target signs of aging and dark spots, contain SPF, and more. In general, there are five different skin type categories: normal, dry, oily, sensitive, and combination. The American Academy of Dermatology Association (AAD) has some easy guidelines for determining skin type:
- Sensitive skin may sting or burn after product use
- Normal skin is clear and not sensitive
- Dry skin is flaky, itchy, or rough
- Oily skin is shiny and greasy
- Combination skin is dry in some areas and oily in others
Everyone Can Benefit from Moisturizer
A good skincare regimen includes moisturizing daily and sun protection against ultraviolet (UV) rays and free radicals. Based on your skin type, here’s a general idea of what type of moisturizer to look for:
- Oily Skin: Skin that is oily and acne-prone will need a more lightweight, oil-free formula. Look for a non-comedogenic moisturizer that won’t clog pores.
- Dry Skin: If your skin tends to be dry, you will need a heavier, richer cream-type moisturizer. Choose one that contains ingredients like hyaluronic acid, dimethicone, glycerin, propylene glycol, proteins, and urea to keep it hydrated.
- Sensitive Skin: This type would benefit from fragrance-free options with soothing ingredients like aloe that won’t be harsh on the skin.
- Normal and Combination Skin: Both types will benefit from a lighter, water-based formula.
As mentioned previously, there are many options to consider when choosing how to best keep your skin hydrated. In many cases, keeping a couple of different kinds of moisturizers may be optimal. For example, as the weather changes, so do its effects on your skin. It’s not uncommon to need a thicker moisturizer in the fall and winter and a lighter in the spring and summer. You can also purchase moisturizers containing SPF or are tinted. You may want one for the day and one for the night.
The options are truly endless. So, if you are struggling to determine your skin type, need help to find the best skincare routine, or just trying to improve your skin’s overall health, the skin health experts at Alamo Heights Dermatology are ready to help. Call us at (210) 255-8447 to schedule your consultation today, or fill out an appointment request form online.